For more than two years, delays, disruptions, and shortages in the supply chain have been a major economic consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic.
A number of factors have combined to create the widespread supply chain challenges the U.S. economy faces. The onset of the pandemic and subsequent waves temporarily shut down businesses or had them operating at limited capacity, while labor shortages in the logistics industry have frequently left goods sitting at ports and warehouses. These issues created additional challenges further downstream in the supply chain. Businesses that struggled to secure supplies, parts, or other materials faced increased difficulties meeting their own production quotas. And amid all of these struggles, demand for durable goods rose during the pandemic, further straining producers’ capacity. These factors have contributed to historically high inflation, which now threatens to send the U.S. economy into recession.
Most U.S. businesses have felt the effects of the pandemic. In April 2020, the share of businesses reporting a large or moderate negative impact from COVID was 90%, and two years later, that figure has only fallen to 66%. The share of businesses reporting a large negative impact has fallen from 51% early in the pandemic to 22% now, but the percentage reporting a moderate negative impact has held steady around 40% over time.
In some respects, the situation has worsened the longer the pandemic has gone on. Businesses today report delays and difficulties with both domestic and foreign suppliers at a higher percentage than they did in 2020. Delays from domestic suppliers are the primary challenge, affecting almost 45% of U.S. businesses.
While the effects of supply chain disruptions have been widespread, some industries have suffered more than others. Manufacturing, retail trade, construction, and accommodation and food services have been hardest hit, with more than 60% of businesses in each sector reporting domestic supplier delays. The wholesale trade industry has also struggled, especially when it comes to foreign suppliers: 45% of wholesale trade businesses report delays from foreign suppliers, more than any other U.S. industry. Meanwhile, businesses that have felt less disruption include those in information- or service-based industries, which rely less on a supply of physical goods.
With these differences between industries, states are also feeling disparate effects of supply chain disruptions. Some of the most heavily impacted U.S. states include those with strong manufacturing presences, like Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. More than half of all businesses in these two states report experiencing domestic supplier delays.
The data used in this analysis is from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Business Pulse Survey. To determine the states with the most supply chain disruptions, researchers at Filterbuy calculated the percentage of businesses experiencing domestic supplier delays. In the event of a tie, the state with the greater percentage of businesses experiencing delays in delivery or shipping to customers was ranked higher. Note: all calculations reflect the percentages for small businesses (less than 500 employees). All calculations, unless otherwise stated, compute the average of all weekly survey responses from January 3, 2022 through April 17, 2022 and represent the typical share of businesses experiencing the respective disruption during that period.
The analysis found that 47.9% of businesses in North Carolina are experiencing domestic supplier delays, and 26.7% are seeing delays in delivery or shipping to their customers. Out of all states, North Carolina has the 9th most businesses affected by supply chain disruptions. Here is a summary of the data for North Carolina:
Businesses experiencing domestic supplier delays: 47.9%
Businesses experiencing delays in delivery/shipping to customers: 26.7%
Businesses having difficulties locating alternative domestic suppliers: 24.1%
Businesses experiencing foreign supplier delays: 19.7%
Businesses having difficulties locating alternative foreign suppliers: 9.6%
Businesses experiencing production delays: 15.7%
For reference, here are the statistics for the entire United States:
Businesses experiencing domestic supplier delays: 44.4%
Businesses experiencing delays in delivery/shipping to customers: 24.9%
Businesses having difficulties locating alternative domestic suppliers: 22.0%
Businesses experiencing foreign supplier delays: 18.5%
Businesses having difficulties locating alternative foreign suppliers: 8.6%
Businesses experiencing production delays: 13.5%
For more information, a detailed methodology, and complete results, you can find the original report on Filterbuy’s website: https://filterbuy.com/resources/states-with-the-most-supply-chain-disruptions