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"Tracing Our Threads: The Kilbarchan Weaving Project" on Display at Folk Art Center.

A few years ago, two weavers from the Southern Highland Craft Guild traveled together to Scotland. While in Kilbarchan, a town near Glasgow, they paid a visit to the Weaver's Cottage, a small building housing displays of the region's hand weaving history. Little did these women suspect that inside they would find the materials and inspiration for a large-scale undertaking that would involve over 75 weavers, create bonds between weavers in two countries and eventually lead to an exhibition at the Blue Ridge Parkway's Folk Art Center.

Marjorie Warren, of Lake Junaluska, NC, and Barbara Miller, of Pisgah Forest, NC, discovered old books containing weaving patterns (drafts), from the 19th century. They learned these hundred-plus year-old penciled notations hadn't seen a loom since the craft was replaced by machines of the Industrial Revolution. Finding no samples of the fabrics, Warren and Miller inquired if they could interpret the information themselves.

In an exhibition entitled "Tracing Our Threads: The Kilbarchan Weaving Project," 80 weaving drafts have been copied from these historic tomes and woven into fabric by American hand-weavers. In the Folk Art Center's Interpretive Gallery from April 13-October 6, 2002, the work of over 75 weavers bring history out of the books and into the public eye.

These Kilbarchan textiles are not the fabrics of ceremony or ornament, but rather the sturdy weaves of everyday life. The over 400 weavers in 19th-century Kilbarchan once made their livings weaving useful items like towels, napkins, bedding and everyday clothing. Necessary and common, these simple weaves were the first to be mechanically replaced by "cloth-making machines," and by 1815 the textile industry was catapulted into a new level of production. The shuttles of Kilbarchan were slowly silenced. Notations casually scrawled by weavers for themselves and each other relating fibers used, cloth structure, and costs, were lucky to have been saved at all. Often such records disappeared along with the weavers who created them.

It was sheer fortune that the Kilbarchan Weaving Cottage had preserved the written history. And fortune, also, that Barbara Miller and Marjorie Warren had the means to interpret them. Through the fall of 2000, the two weavers paged through these fragile journals, too delicate to photocopy, and transcribed each draft into a computer database. The Kilbarchan Project, as it came to be known, was supported by the Southern Highland Craft Guild and Scottish Heritage USA, and grew with the help of the Western North Carolina Fiber Guild. The 77 weavers from several states who took up the challenge were issued Scottish yarns with which to weave each sample. The labor has been long and taxing, working with extremely fine yarns in often monotonous patterns. One foot of fabric averages 2-1/2 hours to make. Whenever weavers complained about the difficulty, Marge Warren reminded them of the added difficulty the weavers of the 1800s had, "At least you have electricity."

"Tracing Our Threads" is displayed in conjunction with the major exhibition "Celebrating Scotland's Crafts," organized by the National Museums of Scotland, appearing in the Folk Art Center's Main Gallery from May 4-September 29, 2002.

The Folk Art Center is located on the Blue Ridge Parkway at Milepost 382. For exact driving directions from any starting point or further information on the exhibitions, please call the Folk Art Center at 828-298-7928 or visit the Southern Highland Craft Guild's web site, www.southernhighlandguild.org.

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